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Electric bicycles, commonly referred to as e-bikes, are an enjoyable and efficient way to travel from one place to another destination. People who prefer to stay away from public transportation during the epidemic can use e-bikes to get to work or run around town. Additionally, e-bikes can be an excellent exercise option for those with disabilities or elderly riders who consider traditional bicycles too difficult.

Yet, despite all the benefits they bring, E-bike accidents could cause serious injuries. One recent instance can be seen in “America’s Got Talent” judge Simon Cowell, who suffered multiple back fractures following a fall off his e-bike.


In the springtime spirit and with the recent news about the dangers of e-bikes, we thought it would be helpful to outline the information you should be aware of regarding Michigan laws governing e-bikes.


Electric bikes, also known as ebikes, are similar in many aspects to conventional bicycles, such as pedals. The primary distinction is that electric bikes include motors that can be different in size and could be equipped with a throttle. Electric bikes that employ an electric motor to aid the rider when pedaling are often referred to by the term “pedelecs.” The motor is designed to complement human power rather than replace it completely. The other main elements of an electric bike are the battery and drivetrain.

Be aware that, aside from the pedals, it is difficult to distinguish an e-bike on its appearance. E-bikes can look similar to standard mountain bikes, while others appear like tiny dirt bikes, while some appear like mopeds or scooters.




According to Michigan law, the definition of an e-bike is a vehicle fitted with the following features:

A saddle or seat

Fully operational pedals allow human propulsion


A motor that is not more than 750 watts.

Furthermore, U.S. Federal law puts electric bicycles into the same class as traditional bicycles if they satisfy certain requirements:

  • Max speed 20mph, making use of motor power only
  • Motor power should not exceed 500 milliwatts (1 h.p.)
  • E-bikes that combine motor and human power can move at higher speeds


The sections in the Michigan Vehicle Code were amended to incorporate new electric bike laws, which went into effect on January 28, 2018. Because of this law, Michigan became one of 26 states that have a three-tier classification system for electric bikes.

The three types are according to:

  • Class 1 – The motor offers assistance only while the rider is pedaling. It ceases to assist once the bike reaches 20 miles per hour.
  • Class 2: The motor is capable of propelling the bicycle on its own without the assistance of humans, but it is not able to assist with speeds of more than 20 mph.
  • Classes 3: The motor offers assistance only while the biker (14 or over) is pedaling. The motor is removed at the point that the bicycle is 28 miles per hour. A Class 3 electric bike is also fitted with a speedometer.

Riders don’t require any special registration, permits, or insurance to ride an e-bike within one of the three classes. But, riders must be over 14 to be able to operate an e-bike class 3.

Additionally, it is unlawful for owners of e-bikes to change the label of their classification following purchase.


It is important to know the rules that govern the areas where electric motorized bikes can be operated. The majority of the time, the places they’re permitted to use are based on their classification type, as mentioned in the previous paragraph. Michigan laws on e-bikes define where the various types of electric bikes are allowed to be used.

The three types of e-bikes can be used on any road that is accessible to traditional bicycles, which includes bicycle lanes that are designated for use.


Riders can also ride Class 1 E-bikes “on a linear trail that has an asphalt, crushed limestone, or similar surface.” However, local governments are able to ban or limit the use of e-bikes on specific trails.

In addition, class 2 and class 3 e-bikes can be used on trails only after they are authorized by the local government with jurisdiction for the trails.

In addition, the law restricts all three types of e-bikes from the “trail that is designated as non-motorized, and that has a natural surface tread that is made by clearing and grading the native soil with no added surfacing materials.” This includes trails specifically to be used for mountain biking.


E-bikes are not permitted at Mackinac Island unless the user has a permit from the Mackinac Island State Park Commission.

However, people with disabilities who ride an electric bike as a means of mobility can ride on trails and roads that do not permit e-bikes.


In Michigan, riders who are under 18 or operating or riding on an e-bike of Class 3 require helmets.


While some e-bike riders aren’t legally required to wear helmets wearing one is strongly advised. If you’re wearing a helmet, you are less likely to sustain serious injury as a result that you are involved in an accident.


It’s not true, Michigan e-bike laws do not oblige owners to buy insurance for their bikes. It is, however, advisable to speak with your insurance company to confirm that your bike is covered under your renters or homeowners insurance. Should it not be, it could be beneficial to buy insurance in the event your e-bike gets damaged or stolen.


E-bike users can sustain serious injuries if they’re engaged in an accident. A recent study found researchers found that e-bikers sustained more severe injuries in accidents than electric scooter riders. Additionally, riders on e-bikes had a higher risk of suffering internal injuries, and concussions more often occur as a result of e-scooter crashes. In addition, pedestrians were involved three times the number of e-bike crashes than those involving traditional bicycles or e-scooters. Additionally, the victims of accidents involving e-bikes are, on average older than those who are injured on bicycles or e-scooters.


Safety experts in the field of traffic blame a lot of these incidents on the speedier speeds of these electronic devices. Additionally, the absence of proper infrastructure, like bike/scooter roads, which are found in numerous locations, creates more danger for people who travel on bicycles, foot or on a scooter.


E-bikers generally need to be following exactly the rules and regulations of the road that traditional bicyclists do. However, those going faster than on a normal bike must be extra cautious. Here are some other safety guidelines:

  • Be extra attentive to the circulation of traffic.
  • Wear a helmet.
  • Install lights on your bike and a horn so that motorists or pedestrians, as well as other cyclists, can hear and see you.
  • Train your riding skills prior to taking on greater speeds.
  • Give yourself enough time to stop by slowing down just before you reach stop signs or intersections.
  • Be extra cautious when dismounting and mounting.
  • As per Simon Cowell, “Read the instruction manual before you ride!”


E-bikes are a great option for all kinds of people, from older riders as well as those who have physical limitations.

  • Here are a few of the many advantages of riding an e-bike
  • E-bikes are more comfortable to ride on rough terrain or on hills than traditional bicycles.
  • Commuters can get to work faster than on a bicycle.
  • E-bikes are safe for those who wish to avoid public transportation, taxis, or ride-share services during the outbreak.
  • E-bikers are more likely to cycle more often and cover more distances than regular cyclists, based on recent studies.
  • E-bikes are quiet and emission-free rides.
  • E-bikes are a great exercise option for those who can’t handle intense exercise.
  • Laws governing accidents are complicated; however, finding the best lawyer to handle a bicycle accident is not difficult.

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The Hidden Costs of Car Accidents: A Lawyer’s Perspective



Car Accidents

Car accidents are a common occurrence on roads and highways across the country. While the direct costs of car accidents, such as property damage, medical expenses, lost wages, and funeral expenses, are well known, there are many hidden costs that are often overlooked. As a lawyer who has worked with many car accident victims, I know firsthand the impact these hidden costs can have on a person’s life. In this article, we will explore the hidden costs of car accidents and the importance of understanding them.

Direct Costs of Car Accidents

The direct costs of car accidents are the most visible and easily quantifiable. These include property damage, medical expenses, lost wages, and funeral expenses. Property damage can be costly, particularly if a car is totaled or requires extensive repairs. Medical expenses can quickly add up, particularly if a person requires hospitalization or surgery. Lost wages can be devastating, particularly if a person is unable to work for an extended period of time. Funeral expenses can be a significant burden for the family of a person who has been killed in a car accident.


Hidden Costs of Car Accidents

While the direct costs of car accidents are significant, the hidden costs can be even more devastating. These hidden costs include pain and suffering, emotional distress, future medical expenses, loss of future earning potential, impact on relationships, and impact on mental health. Pain and suffering can be difficult to quantify, but it is a very real cost of car accidents. Emotional distress can also be significant, particularly if a person experiences anxiety, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a result of the accident. Future medical expenses can be a hidden cost if a person requires ongoing medical treatment or rehabilitation. Loss of future earning potential can also be significant, particularly if a person is unable to work at the same level as before the accident. The impact on relationships can also be a hidden cost, particularly if a person is unable to participate in activities they once enjoyed with family and friends. Finally, the impact on mental health can be significant, particularly if a person experiences anxiety, depression, or PTSD as a result of the accident.


Car accidents can have a significant impact on a person’s life, both in terms of the direct costs and the hidden costs. It is important for anyone who has been involved in a car accident to understand all of the costs involved, and to work with a lawyer who can help ensure that all costs are accounted for. Additionally, it is important for everyone to drive safely and to do their part to prevent car accidents from occurring in the first place.

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From Cramped Quarters to Chic Spaces: The Evolution of Lawyer Offices



Lawyer Offices

As the legal profession has evolved over the years, so too have the spaces where lawyers work. From the cramped and dark offices of the past, to the modern and chic workspaces of today, there has been a significant shift in the design and layout of lawyer offices. In this article, we will explore the evolution of lawyer offices, examining the reasons behind the changes, and the benefits they offer to lawyers and their clients.

The Origins of Lawyer Offices

The origins of lawyer offices can be traced back to the early days of the legal profession, when lawyers would often work out of their homes or in small, cramped spaces. These early offices were often dark, cluttered, and lacking in basic amenities like heat, electricity, and running water. As the legal profession grew, however, so too did the need for more professional and functional office spaces.


The Rise of the Modern Lawyer Office

In the mid-20th century, there was a significant shift in the design and layout of lawyer offices. Offices became larger, more spacious, and more functional, with ample space for clients, staff, and equipment. The modern lawyer office was born, and it quickly became the standard for law firms across the country.

The Benefits of Modern Lawyer Offices

There are many benefits to modern lawyer offices, both for lawyers and their clients. One of the primary benefits is increased productivity. With larger, more functional workspaces, lawyers are able to work more efficiently and effectively, with fewer distractions and more opportunities for collaboration.

In addition to increased productivity, modern lawyer offices also offer improved client experiences. With comfortable seating areas, refreshment stations, and modern technology, clients feel more at ease and confident in the abilities of their legal team.


The Future of Lawyer Offices

As technology continues to evolve, so too will the design and layout of lawyer offices. The future of lawyer offices is likely to be even more focused on functionality, with more automation and digitization of processes. However, there will still be a need for personal interaction between lawyers and clients, and it is likely that the importance of client comfort and experience will only continue to grow.


The evolution of lawyer offices has been a long and fascinating journey, from the cramped and cluttered spaces of the past, to the modern and chic workspaces of today. As the legal profession continues to evolve, so too will the spaces where lawyers work, and it is likely that we will see even more exciting changes and innovations in the years to come.

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Meet the Attorney General of Texas: Exploring the Role and Responsibilities



Attorney General of Texas

As the top law enforcement officer in the state of Texas, the Attorney General plays a critical role in protecting the rights and interests of Texans. If you’re curious about what the Attorney General does, keep reading to learn more about this important position.

Role of the Attorney General

The Attorney General of Texas is the chief lawyer for the state of Texas. In this role, the Attorney General serves as the legal advisor to the governor, state agencies, and other officials. The Attorney General is also responsible for representing the state in legal matters, including lawsuits and appeals. Additionally, the Attorney General is responsible for enforcing state laws, including consumer protection laws, environmental laws, and antitrust laws.


Responsibilities of the Attorney General

The Attorney General of Texas has a number of responsibilities, including:

1. Protecting Texans

One of the primary responsibilities of the Attorney General is to protect the rights and interests of Texans. This includes protecting consumers from fraud, enforcing environmental laws, and defending the state against lawsuits.

2. Providing Legal Advice

As the chief legal advisor to the state of Texas, the Attorney General is responsible for providing legal advice to state agencies and officials. This can include advice on issues related to contracts, employment law, and other legal matters.


3. Enforcing State Laws

The Attorney General is also responsible for enforcing state laws, including consumer protection laws, environmental laws, and antitrust laws. This can involve investigating violations of these laws and taking legal action to enforce them.

4. Representing the State in Legal Matters

The Attorney General represents the state of Texas in legal matters, including lawsuits and appeals. This can involve representing the state in cases related to criminal justice, civil rights, and other legal issues.

5. Advocating for Texans

Finally, the Attorney General is responsible for advocating for the interests of Texans. This can involve advocating for policies and laws that benefit Texans, as well as defending Texans against policies and laws that could harm them.


Meet the Current Attorney General of Texas

The current Attorney General of Texas is Ken Paxton, who was elected to the position in 2014. Prior to serving as Attorney General, Paxton served in the Texas House of Representatives and the Texas Senate. As Attorney General, Paxton has focused on issues related to border security, religious freedom, and gun rights.


The Attorney General of Texas plays a critical role in protecting the rights and interests of Texans. From providing legal advice to enforcing state laws, the Attorney General is responsible for a wide range of important tasks. If you’re interested in learning more about the role of the Attorney General in Texas, there are plenty of resources available to help you learn more.

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